Everything About Chilled Water System

Introduction to Chilled Water System

What is Chilled Water System : 

A chilled water system is a type of HVAC system that uses chilled water as a cooling medium to control the temperature of a building's air and/or equipment. The chilled water flows through a network of pipes, which are typically installed in ceilings, floors, or walls, and is distributed to air handling units, fan coil units, or other heat exchangers.

What are the Major Equipment used in Chilled Water System :

 a) Chillers - Chillers are the heart of the chilled water system, and they are responsible for cooling the water to the desired temperature. There are various types of chillers, including reciprocating, centrifugal, and absorption chillers. b) Pumps - Pumps are used to circulate the chilled water throughout the system. They can be either primary or secondary pumps, depending on the type of system used. c) Cooling towers - Cooling towers are used to dissipate the heat absorbed by the chilled water from the building. They work by evaporative cooling and are typically located on the roof of the building. d) Air handling units (AHUs) - AHUs are used to distribute cooled air throughout the building. They contain fans, filters, and coils that transfer heat between the chilled water and the air. e) Fan coil units (FCUs) - FCUs are similar to AHUs but are smaller and designed to serve individual rooms or zones within a building.

What are the Types of Chilled Water: 

There are two main types of chilled water systems: constant flow and variable flow. In a constant flow system, the rate of water flow remains fixed, while in a variable flow system, the rate of flow varies based on the cooling load.

How to control Chilled Water System ?

The chilled water system is controlled using various valves, sensors, and other equipment, including: a) Control valves - Control valves are used to regulate the flow of chilled water to different parts of the system. b) Temperature sensors - Temperature sensors are used to monitor the temperature of the chilled water and adjust the cooling output as needed. c) Pressure sensors - Pressure sensors are used to monitor the pressure within the system and ensure it remains within safe operating limits. d) Flow meters - Flow meters are used to measure the rate of water flow through the system. e) Variable frequency drives (VFDs) - VFDs are used to control the speed of the pumps and fans in the system, which can help reduce energy consumption.

What is the Chiller Plant Manager (CPM) ?

 The Chiller Plant Manager (CPM) is a software program that helps manage the operation of the chilled water system. It can monitor equipment status, track energy usage, and generate reports to help optimize the performance of the system.

What is the Primary and Secondary Systems in Chilled Water system ?

 In a primary-secondary system, there are two separate loops of chilled water: the primary loop, which is connected to the chiller and cooling tower, and the secondary loop, which is connected to the air handling units or fan coil units. The primary loop circulates the cooled water from the chiller to the cooling tower, while the secondary loop circulates the cooled water from the AHUs or FCUs back to the chiller.

What is the Chemical Flushing Procedure ?

Chemical flushing is an important maintenance procedure that involves cleaning the piping in the chilled water system to remove debris and buildup. A chemical solution is circulated through the piping using a dosing pot or an automatic dosing system, and then flushed out with clean water.

Pipes Used for Installing the Chilled Water System 

Pipes used in chilled water systems are typically made from materials such as copper, steel, or plastic, depending on the specific application and requirements of the system.

Type of Insulation Used on the Piping

Insulation is used on the piping to prevent heat gain or loss and ensure that the chilled water remains at the desired temperature. Common types of insulation used in chilled water systems include fiberglass, foam, and elastomeric.

Operating and Maintaining the System

To operate and maintain a chilled water system, it's important to regularly monitor and adjust the various components of the system, including pumps, valves, sensors, and controls. Regular maintenance tasks may include cleaning the cooling tower, inspecting and replacing filters, and performing chemical flushing as needed. It's also important to keep accurate records of energy usage and system performance to identify areas for improvement and optimize efficiency.

in MEP
Everything About Chilled Water System
Administrator January 28, 2024
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